Landmark of sustainable design
“Students work in different ways today. We had to respond to that.” Kirsty Kift, Acting Assistant Director
Coventry University Library – the Lanchester Library – was a pioneer in sustainable construction when it was built in 2000. One of the first university libraries to feature passive ventilation, it is a case study of best practice in sustainability – and remains the largest naturally ventilated deep-plan building in Europe.
Fifteen years on and the University’s investment has paid dividends, in terms of money and energy saved. A study by DeMontfort University’s Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (Krausse, Cook and Lomas, 2007) showed that the Lanchester Library operates at half the energy cost of a conventional air conditioned building. Equally important to the sustainability of the library has been its flexible space design, allowing the university to update its floor plate to meet the changing demands of staff and students. “The library has served us well,” explained Kirsty Kift, Acting Assistant Director of the library. “But because we have such heavy footfall, it was beginning to look very tired. And, as our student numbers are always going up, we needed to create extra seating areas to accommodate them.”
“Bruynzeel’s products matched our design ethos perfectly. The new shelving looks great and has helped transform a tired space into a workspace for the future.” Kirsty Kift, Acting Assistant Director
Changing demands The five-floor library was conceived as an open-plan space using structural steel beams, removing the need for load bearing internal walls. The essential and inflexible elements – such as the toilets and lift shafts – are housed in ‘pods’ beyond the main space. This meant that when the university undertook a complete renovation in 2015, it had the freedom to rework the interior space to meet modern requirements. “Students work in different ways today,” said Kift, who project managed the renovation. “We had to respond to that.” Specialist architect appointed Working to an incredibly tight deadline, Kift and her team began a six-month planning process in December 2014. Work started on site on 1 June and the library reopened on 21 September 2015. “Floors one and two were completely gutted. We even took out some internal rooms,” said Kift. With pressure on space at a premium, Kirsty and her team appointed Birmingham’s Associated Architects to advise and oversee the project. The plan was to compact less heavily used stock and introduce shelving on to the ground floor and a new basement store, thereby freeing up room for more personal and study group areas. “Associated Architects had solid experience of working on a number of academic libraries,” said Kirsty. “It was easy to work with them, because they understood the requirements of a modern library, and the specific issues we faced around a lack of space for student study areas.” Bruynzeel’s high density library mobile shelving allowed the architects to fit the same number of books into a smaller footprint, thereby releasing floor space for larger study areas and desk space. Flexible space planning aids navigation “Our main shelving is now on three floors, with additional rolling stacks in the basement,” said Kift. “On our two big floors there are now three sections of shelving rather than four, so there is more area for seating. Previously, every level looked very similar. We aimed to differentiate between the floors by taking out a different quad of shelving on each floor. We used low-level shelving on floor 2 and added feature ‘theatre’ seating near the lightwell on floor 1 to help orientation through distinctive points of reference.” The electronic mobile shelving, which is situated in the public areas and can be operated by students and staff, stores 100 per cent more stock than the equivalent static shelving in the same footprint. “We put back in the same amount of shelving, but we’ve compressed it by using high density shelving,” said Kift. “The rolling stacks have been used to create the additional space [for study].” Natural colour scheme complemented by Danish design Bruynzeel supplied 10,500 linear metres of shelving for the refurbishment including electronic mobile shelving and low-level static shelving. Both types were finished with Shade end panels, designed by Jacob Jensen, the Danish design studio renowned for its pared back designs for Bang & Olufsen. “The Shade design gave a nice clean look to finish the ends of the stacks,” said Kift. “We wanted the mobile and static shelving to give a unified look across the floor. The Shade end panels helped us achieve that, and fitted really nicely with the interior design of duck egg blue, greens, greys and wooden finishes.” Workspace for the future In response to the varied ways students choose to work now, overly big study rooms have been split into smaller group working rooms. Individual study spaces have been created using cubicle seating. Banks of tables of computers are interspersed with low-level seating. There are even large study tables with no computers, by request. “Art and Design asked for tables without computers, complemented with individual study area furniture and reading rooms with soft seating,” said Kift. The redevelopment of the library has gone down well with staff and students alike. “It feels a lot bigger since the refit,” said Kift. Yet it’s the little details that are in some ways the most satisfying. “We used to use top clip supports to hold the books in place,” said Kift. “They were really hard to use. Our staff requested an alternative and Bruynzeel suggested magnetic book supports. These were our favourite and staff report they are working very well.” “Bruynzeel’s products matched our design ethos perfectly. The new shelving looks great and has helped transform a tired space into a workspace for the future.”